Narrative Text

Pengertian Narrative Text

Narrative text adalah jenis text dalam Bahasa Inggris untuk menceritakan suatu cerita yang memiliki rangkaian peristiwa kronologis yang saling terhubung. Tujuan dari teks ini adalah untuk menghibur pembaca tentang suatu kisah atau cerita.

Lihat juga materi lainnya:
Recount Text
Preposition In On At

Jenis-jenis Narrative Text

Narrative text bisa berbentuk imajiner atau pun faktual. Berikut adalah contoh genre dari Narrative text:

  • Fairy tale
  • Mystery
  • Science fiction
  • Romance
  • Horror
  • Fable
  • Myth and legend
  • History
  • Slice of life
  • Personal experience
  • dan lain sebagainya

Ciri-ciri Narrative Text

  • Menggunakan Action Verb dalam bentuk Past tenses. Misalkan: lived, treated, didn’t, dan lain sebagainya.
  • Menggunakan Noun tertentu untuk sebagai kata ganti orang. Misalkan: the Prince.
  • Menggunakan Adjective yang membentuk Noun Phrase. Misalkan: the most beautiful dress.
  • Menggunakan Conjunction untuk mengurutkan kejadian-kejadian. Misalkan: then, a few days later, finally, dan lain sebagainya.
  • Menggunakan Adverb dan Adverbial Phrase untuk menunjukkan lokasi kejadian atau peristiwa. Misalkan: happily ever after.
ilustrasi pengertian narrative text

Sumber gambar:

Struktur Narrative Text

Struktur dari narrative text berfokus pada serangkaian tahapan yang diusulkan untuk membangun sebuah teks ini sendiri. Secara umum, terdapat empat tahapan dalam Narrative text, yaitu:

  1. Orientation

Orientation atau biasa disebut dengan pendahuluan, berisi tentang siapa, kapan, di mana suatu cerita ditetapkan.

Contoh: Once upon a time, there lived a girl named Cinderella….

  1. Complication

Complication menceritakan awal masalah yang menyebabkan puncak masalah atau yang biasa disebut dengan klimaks. Bagian ini biasanya melibatkan karakter utama dari cerita tersebut.

Contoh: Cinderella wanted to go to the ball but her step mother asked her to stay at home and do the house works…

  1. Resolution

Bagian ini adalah akhir dari cerita atau berupa solusi dari masalah yang terjadi. Masalah dapat diselesaikan dapat menjadi lebih baik atau malah lebih buruk yang nantinya akan membuat cerita berakhir dengan bahagia atau sebaliknya.

Terkadang, ada beberapa resolusi yang berupa masalah lain untuk dipecahkan. Hal ini sengaja dibuat oleh penulis untuk menambah dan mempertahankan minat dan ketegangan bagi pembacanya. Biasanya, jenis resolusi ini terdapat pada genre mysteries dan horror.

Contoh: In the end, the King’s solder let Cinderella try on the slipper. She stuck out her foot and the page slipped the slipper on. It fitted perfectly.

  1. Re-orientation

Bagian adalah penutup dari suatu cerita yang bersifat opsional. Re-orientation bisa berisi tentang pelajaran moral, saran atau pengajaran dari penulis.

Contoh Narrative Text

Berikut ini adalah dua contoh Narrative Text, bisakah kamu menganalisa struktur dan jenisnya?

Contoh Narrative Text Lengkap dengan Strukturnya


{Orientation} Once upon a time, there lived a girl named Cinderella. She lived with her step mother and two step sisters. The step mother and her two daughters didn’t like Cinderella. They treated Cincerella very bad. Cinderella usually did the hardest works in the house; such as scrubbing the floor, cleaning the pot and pan and preparing the food for the family, and so on.

{Complication} One day, a ball was to be held by the royal family of the kingdom to find the Prince’s spouse. Cinderella wanted to go to the ball but her step mother asked her to stay at home and do the house works. Cinderella cried. Then there was a fairy godmother standing beside her.

“Why are you crying, Cinderella?”, the fairy godmother asked.

“Because I want to go to the ball but my step mother insists me to stay at home. Besides, I don’t have any beautiful dress” said Cinderella.

Then the fairy turned Cinderella’s ugly dress became the most beautiful dress and with beautiful slippers. The fairy also turned a pumpkin into a parking coach and the mice become six white horses. Cinderella fiinally could go to the ball but she had to come back before midnight before the spell ended.

At the ball, Cinderella amazed everybody there include the Prince. The Prince asked her to dance. Cinderella had a wonderful time at the ball. But, all of a sudden, she heard the sound of a clock, the first stroke of midnight. Remembered what the fairy had said, Cinderella ran back to go home. But she lost one of her slippers in ballroom. The Prince picked up her slipper and would search for the girl whose foot fitted with the slipper.

{Resolution} A few days later, the Prince proclaimed that he would marry the girl whose feet fitted the slipper. Her step sisters tried on the slipper but it was too small for them, no matter how hard they squeezed their toes into it. In the end, the King’s solder let Cinderella try on the slipper. She stuck out her foot and the page slipped the slipper on. It fitted perfectly.

Finally, she was driven to the palace. The Prince was overjoyed to see her again. They were married and live happily ever after.

Contoh Narrative Text 2

Geography Test

That day my class would do a Geography test. everyone was busy studying. They did not even go out from the class to go to the canteen during the break to study. This test would be quite different from the usual test because everyone would get a different question sheet. Because of that everyone felt that they had to study hard to get good grades. Actually, not all students. Andy, who was known for being a bad boy at the school, was playing football with his friends from the other classes. “I can cheat,” he thought. Mr. Brian was a strict teacher. Cheating during the test was not easy. But somehow, Andy always managed to do it and ended up getting good grades.

The bell rang. All students of my class went in. Then Mr. Brian arrived. He immediately shared the question sheets one by one to all students in the class. “Please do it individually. One hour”, he said giving the instruction. The first half hour was used by Andy to read the questions and tried to do it himself. The harder he tried to remember, the more he forgot. All he could remember was the memory of him being punished for several times. He didn’t realize the time went fast. At the moment, Mr. Brian said that they had only 15 minutes left. From 30 multiple choice questions, Andy only answered seven of them. Inevitably, Andy asked to cheat form Hasan who was sitting in front of him. Hasan only showed his question sheet that also contained the answer to the left on his desk so that Andy could freely see it. Andy straightened up, trying to cheat from behind.

“Thanks,’ Andy said to Hasan after the test ended.

Hasan just nodded. But soon he was surprised, “Andy, was there any of your question that was the same as mine?”

“What do you mean?”

‘Well, you know… since everyone got different quetion sheet.”

“Damn, I forgot.” Andy’s face turned sour. He forgot that last week Mr. Brian had said that the questions would be different from each other.

Next week, when the test result came out, you all know that Andy failed. Poor Andy!

Contoh Narrative Text 3

What A Mess!

Sarah was a college student living in New York City. She was so diligent. She was also independent since her parents were in Minnesota. Besides studying, she also worked in a restaurant as a waitress to fulfill her needs.

Last night, she finished her work at 11.00 PM and went to her apartment. She remembered that she didn’t finish her slide for presentation tomorrow and the presentation would be graded as the midterm test. She started to continue making some slides. She didn’t care her eyes were already tired.  She felt a little confused because she made the slide about a week ago. She read her book again and again and finally understood more. But it wasn’t enough. Then she decided to study tomorrow morning because she was too tired. Without any desire to tidy up her books and laptop on the table, she decided to sleep. She set her alarm at 6:00 am. Oh great. She had 4 hours to sleep.

The next day, the sunlight entered from her bedroom window as if it was not willing to let her sleep any longer.

“No way.” She realized that the sun had risen high enough.

It was already 10:00 am. The class began two hours ago. She rushed to the bathroom to wash her face and brush her teeth. Then she put her laptop and her book in her bag and then just left. When she reached her classroom, there was only Cleo there.

“Sarah, where have you been?”

“I overslept.” She explained.

“Are you kidding? You would get an E. ”

She went out from the class and run to look for Mr. John. But when she run around a few meters away, she slipped because the floor was still wet and she didn’t notice.

Bam! Her head hit the cold floor. “Ouch”

She closed her eyes feeling her head really hurt. It seemed that there would be a big bump in a minute. When she tried to stand up and opened her eyes, she was like sucked into another world. Her view was dark and she felt so dizzy. Then she realized that she was still in her apartment. Right next to her bed.  Great. She fell out of bed and kriiiiiiiiing, her alarm clock rang.

Artikel: Narrative Text – Pengertian, Struktur, & Contoh
Kontributor: Nanda Widya, S.Hum.
Alumni Sastra Inggris FIB UI