Recount Text

Pengertian Recount Text

Recount text adalah jenis text dalam Bahasa Inggris yang menceritakan tentang suatu cerita, tindakan, atau kegiatan. Biasanya, recount text menceritakan tentang pengalaman seseorang. Tujuan dari recount text adalah untuk menghibur pembaca, sehingga tidak terdapat konflik dalam text ini. Selain itu, teks ini juga bertujuan untuk memberikan informasi pada pembaca.

Lihat juga materi StudioBelajar.com lainnya:
Passive Voice
Pronoun

pengertian recount text

Ciri-ciri Recount Text

  • Menggunakan kalimat Past Tense (lampau), seperti went, departed, would, woke up, dan lain sebagainya.
  • Menggunakan adverb dan adverbial phrase untuk mengungkapkan waktu, tempat dan cara, seperti: last September, Pari Island, on then second day, dan lain sebagainya.
  • Menggunakan conjunction dan time connectives guna mengurutkan peristiwa atau kejadian, seperti: and, before, then, after that, dan lain sebagainya

Struktur Recount Text

1. Orientation

Menceritakan mengenai latar belakang informasi tentang siapa, di mana, kapan kejadian atau peristiwa terjadi.

Contoh:

Last September, I went to Pari Island for a holiday. I went there with Sarah, Andi, Eveline, and Yoko.

2. Events

Menceritakan serangkaian peristiwa yang terjadi sesuai urutan kronologis.

Contoh:

Depart from Muara Angke → Arrived → Went to the guest house → Rent bicycle and cycling →  Had lunch →  Snorkeling →  dan seterusnya.

3. Re-orientation

Merupakan penutup atau kesimpulan cerita. Untuk menutup suatu cerita, kita bisa memberikan opini kita mengenai cerita tersebut.

Contoh:

In summary, my first trip to Pari Island was so enjoyable.

Berikut contoh recount text panjang tentang liburan di atas dan strukturnya:

My First Trip to Pari Island

{Orientation} Last September, I went to Pari Island for a holiday. I went there with Sarah, Andi, Eveline, and Yoko. That was my first time to travel there.

{Event 1} Our boat departed from Muara Angke port to the island at 8.00 AM. We arrived at Pari Island around 10.00 Am. After that, we went to our guest house that we had booked before. Fortunately, our guest house was located near to the port, so we did not have to walk so far. The first thing that we did after that was rent bicycle. It only cost IDR 20.000 per day. Then we did cycling for a while and had lunch before we decided to do snorkeling.

{Event  2} When we went snorkeling, the fisherman who became our guide brought us to the beach far enough from our guest house. We did snorkeling there. The water was very clear. We could see groups of tiny fishes and beautiful coral under the sea. After we did snorkeling for approximately three hours, we returned to our guest house. We ended up the first day by getting dinner and took some walks around.

{Event 3} On the second day, we woke up so early to watch sunrise. We did not need to go far to watch the sunrise because our guest house was so near to the beach and we could watch the sunrise there. Sunrise on the beach, what a beautiful view!

{Event 4} After we spent long enough time to watch the sunrise, we decided to get breakfast. There was a festival at that time. We went to the festival and had breakfast there. We ate some delicious sea foods. We felt time went so fast that day. We needed to return to our guest house because our boat that would bring us home would depart at 10.00 AM.

{Re-orientation}In summary, my first trip to Pari Island was so enjoyable. I would like to visit this place again together with my family in another chance.

Jenis-Jenis Recount Text

  • Personal Recount

Jenis recount text yang menceritakan pengalaman pribadi.

  • Factual Recount

Jenis recount text yang berisi laporan peristiwa yang benar-benar terjadi, seperti laporan percobaan laporan kepolisian, cerita sejarah, dan ilmu pengetahuan.

  • Imaginative

Jenis recount text yang berfungsi untuk menceritakan cerita imaginative (karangan).

Berikut ini adalah dua contoh recount text, bisakah kamu menganalisa struktur dan jenisnya?

Contoh Recount Text

Contoh Recount Text Tentang Kemerdekaan Indonesia

Proclamation of Indonesian Independence

Soekarno, accompanied Hatta proclaimed Indonesian independence on August 17, 1945. Located at Soekarno’s house, Pegangsaan Timur 56 Street, Soekarno read the text of the proclamation which indicated that Indonesia had claimed their independence.

On August 6, 1994, an atomic bomb took place in the city of Hiroshima. One day after the bombing, the Indonesian Independence Preparatory Committee (PPKI) or Dokuritsu Junbi Cosakai was formed. The inauguration of the PPKI was conducted in Vietnam, Dalat by General Terauchi. Three Indonesian leaders were summoned to Dalat who were Soekarno, Hatta and Radjiman Wediodiningrat.

Then the United States again dropped the second atomic bomb on Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. If Japan still did not give up, the US threatened to drop the third atomic bomb in Tokyo. The bombings in Hiroshima and Nagasaki left Japan shocked and finally decided to surrender.

On August 12, 1945, Japanese colonial through Marshal Terauchi in Dalat, Vietnam, told Soekarno, Hatta and Radjiman that the Japanese government would immediately give independence to Indonesia and the proclamation of independence could be carried out in a few days.

Japan surrendered to the US on August 14, 1945. One day later, the young men who had heard the news of Japan’s defeat from Sutan Syahrir’s radio held a meeting and sent Wikana and Darwis to Soekarno house and forced him to proclaim Indonesia’s independence.

Because the mission failed, the youth agreed to secure Soekarno-Hatta from Japanese influence by taking him and Hatta to Rengasdengklok two days later. They chose Rengasdengklok due to its strategic location. Under the guarantee of Ahmad Soebarjo then Soekarno and Hatta were returned to Jakarta.

Early in the morning on August 17, 1945, Soekarno, Hatta and Ahmad Soebarjo formulated the text of the proclamation at the house of Admiral Maeda. After finishing compiling the text, Soekarno read in front of the young men who were present. With various changes then the text was typed by Sayuti Melik.mThe planned proclamation reading will be held at 10:00 in IKADA Field. But due to fear of clashes with the Japanese army, the text was read at Soekarno’s house, Pegangsaan Timur No. 56 Street, East Jakarta.

At exactly 10:00 AM, Soekarno read the text of the proclamation accompanied by Hatta which indicated Indonesia has been free from Japanese colonial.

Contoh Recount Text tentang Kunjungan Wisata

Cultural Visit to Bandung with UI Creates

Last February, I went to Bandung with UI Creates students. UI Creates is a short course program from University of Indonesia for international students. At that time, the participants were from Japan, China, and Philippine.

We departed from Depok to Bandung at 6.30 AM by bus. Fortunately, there was no traffic jam so we could arrive in Bandung at 11.30 AM. Before we went to Saung Angklung Mang Udjo, we had lunch at Sederhana Pasteur Restaurant first. We ate Nasi Padang. For some students, it was their first time trying Nasi Padang. They said it was delicious.

Then we went to Saung Angklung Mang Udjo. It took more than one hour to go there from the restaurant. At 2.45 PM, we arrived at Saung Angklung Mang Udjo. We had to wait for the performance because it started at 3.00 PM. Before the performance started, we bought some souvenirs and tried to play Angklung in the souvenir shop. At exactly 3.00 PM, the show started. Not only Angklung performance, there were also Arumba and Calung performances. We sang, danced and learnt to play Angklung together during the performance.

After we watched the show, we went to Soerabi Imoet to get dinner. We ate Serabi which is traditional pancake made from rice flour with coconut milk or shredded coconut. It usually tastes sweet, but there is another savoury version that uses oncom as the topping. In Soerabi Imoet, there is a variant of Serabi with Durian topping. That was the first experience eating Durian for some of my friends. After we had dinner, we went to our hotel which is not too far away from Soerabi Imoet to get some rest.

The day after that, we started the day with getting breakfast at the hotel. Then we departed to Dusun Bambu at 7.45 AM. From the hotel, we spent more than one hour on the way to Dusun Bambu. After we arrived, we walked around the park to explore. It was very refreshing. There were a lot of various  flowers bloomed at that time. We also saw some fields with rice plants. My Japanese friends and I tried to ride a traditional boat. After we spent enough time there, we had lunch and returned to Depok.

We were very tired when we arrived in Depok, but we had a lot of fun during the cultural visit. It was very nice to go to Bandung and I hope I can go there again sometime.

Artikel: Recount Text, Contoh Recount Text, & Penjelasan Lengkapnya
Kontributor: Nanda Widya, S.Hum.
Alumni Sastra Inggris UI